Research under the topic “Bioenergy” is focused on the development of efficient biomass conversion processes for the use of biomass for energy production. For this purpose, thermochemical, catalytic, and biotechnological processes will be developed up to the preindustrial level. Emphasis is placed on the production of high-quality chemical energy carriers,
2nd generation synthetic high-grade fuels, high-performance additives, or other products. The aim is to open up new non-volatile energy sources based on by-products of agriculture and forestry as well as landscaping residues, which do not directly compete with food production. Research into 2nd and 3rd generation biomass concepts ensures that the reservations and problems listed in the Leopoldina and acatech study concerning sustainable biomass utilisation are taken into account. Bioenergy has base load capacity and will contribute to the stability of energy supply. The above-mentioned processes will be designed to fulfil sustainability criteria valid on a global scale, including those for changes in land use, nutrient conservation, the consumption of agricultural areas, and the usage of water in production. An ecological-economic assessment will lead to sustainable value chains, which is why the topic “Bioenergy” is closely connected with the program of Technology, Innovation and Society.
The following Institutes are contributing to the Topic: